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- Hair loss in women may be observed due to genetic causes (due to the weakening of the hair follicles by the DHT hormone) also due to certain diseases, traumatic incidents, hormonal changes or pregnancy. Hair loss in women due to these causes may be temporary or permanent. If the hair growth has stopped or more than 125 hair strands are lost per day, the hair loss should be taken seriously. In female-type hair loss, baldness starts at the middle of the crown and expands. Usually, the hairline does not recede as severely as in men. Genetically, women possess high hairlines.
Hair loss in women usually occurs as presented in Figure 2 or Figure 4. The type of baldness presented in Figure 4 may be treated with hair transplantation.
- Hair loss zones represent the transplant areas on the scalp.
- This allows calculating the density distribution of hair. It also allows predicting the future work that may be required as hair loss progresses.
- Zone 1: Defines the frontal hairline which represents the first 2 cm of the hair transplant area. This is the most important area as it must be performed with a number of different angles and definitely requires an artistic touch.
- Zone 1 includes the bald areas at the temples. Transplantation at the temple area is very important in framing the face and highlighting the facial features.
- Zone 1 is also important in terms of the appearance featuring the maximum density.
- In many ways, zone 1 is the key area due to various reasons.
Zone 2: Zone 2 is the midsection behind zone 1. This area is also important in terms of artistic design and supports the appearance of density.
Zone 3 and Zone 4: Zone 3 and 4 are located in the middle and the back of the head. In these areas, the hair strands should be transplanted in a circular pattern, because the hair should sit on the scalp instead of stand. In these zones, larger areas can be artistically covered using a smaller number of grafts.
In hair transplantation, we use a chart to determine the level of hair loss. Model 1: Hair loss from the front and back eventually meets in the middle. Model 2: Hair recedes from the front hairline progressing to the crown. Model 3: Hair loss starts at the crown and progresses towards the front. Model 4: Hair loss in the form of a crescent, beginning from the front and the sides of the crown, leaving only a wisp of hair at the front. This type of baldness is common among males in Asia, in the Middle East and the Mediterranean region. Model 5: This type of baldness is more frequently observed among women. It starts from the crown and progresses towards the sides. The hairline does not recede. This type of hair loss is also observed among men in the Middle East and the Mediterranean region.
Hair transplantation is being performed since the 1900s. In time, hair transplantation techniques have developed in order to provide a more natural and densitive look. The FUT method (also called strip surgery) still in use in certain clinics around the world causes deep scarring and is associated with a long healing period. The FUE method is currently the most advanced technique, which does not involve the disadvantages of FUT and leads to satisfactory results. No invasive surgical instruments are used in FUE. Instead, the microscopic hair extract technique which is allowing for the natural healing of the skin is applied. FUE is performed without invasive surgical instruments so that there is less pain, the healing is faster and no large scarring occurs at the back of the head. The method also does not harm the donor area, which may be beneficial in the case of secondary and tertiary hair transplantations in the future. All these benefits lead the majority of the patients to choose the FUE method. Istanbul Hair Institute performs hair transplantations with the FUE technique considering the maximum density, natural hairline, strategic placement and supportive methods.
- Large scars
- Low rate of hair growth
- A Low number of extracted grafts (500/1000 grafts per session)\
- Multiple sessions
- Longer healing period
- Insufficient hair density
- Unnatural appearance of the hairline.
Past methods created negative perceptions of actual treatments available in the hair restoration industry. However, the newly developed techniques used by the Istanbul Hair Institute lead to the below-mentioned results and facilitate the decision of the patients for hair transplantation procedure.
- Grafts (or follicular units) are extracted individually
- Minimal scarring
- Minimal invasive techniques
- High growth rate
- High number of grafts extract in one session (4000 or more grafts may be extracted in one session)
- Satisfactory results in a single session
- Rapid healing
- An esthetic and natural-looking hairline
- Maximum hair density
- Natural cover of frontal angles
- Ongoing research and innovation
The latest genetic research on new hair growth:
Cloning: Cloning focuses on certain questions:
- Which types of cells can be cloned?
- Can different donors be used? What can be the reaction of the cells in this case?
- Under which conditions do the new cells develop? (in vitro – in vivo)
- Which conditions are required in order to keep the new cells viable?
- Can the direction of growth be genetically manipulated?
- Do the newly generated strains fall in the future?
Each of our cells contains genetic material, i.e. DNA. The structure of our body is determined based on this genetic plan (the proteins are formed according to the gene sequence). Like our eye color, hair loss also depends on the genes. Initially, the gene or group of genes leading to hair loss is researched. The second step involves the detection of the genes leading to hair loss and the research to determine the proteins forming the hair follicles resistant to the DHT hormone (hair strands sensitive to DHT are weakened and lost, leading to boldness). Finally, the genes are re-coded in order to produce new proteins in the target cells. The newly-produced stem cells proliferate to form the cells with the desired characteristics. Progressive research also describes the causes why these genes have mutated.